Pictures, Images & Photos of the Robin Hoods Bay, Yorkshire.
Pictures & Images of Robin Hood's Bay. Robin Hood's Bay is a small fishing village on the North Yorkshire Coast whose houses tumble down the cliffs linked by a maize of small alleys. This picturesque village is famous for its tales of smuggling and the close proximity of the houses and their underground cellars led to the stories that smugglers could land their tea, brandy tobacco or gin on the beach then move the contraband up through the cellars of the houses to the top of the village without the Excise Officers ever knowing.
Robin Hood's Bay was settled by Danish Vikings in about 1000. After the conquest of William The Conqueror in 1066 the area was given to Tancred the Fleming who sold it to the Abbot of Whitby.
The people of the Bay relied upon fishing and farming using as style of boat known as the Coble to catch herring which were then sent over the Moors to York. Today few fishermen work from the little harbour of Robing Hood's Bay and the village relies upon tourism. Apart from the picturesque village visitors come to Robin Hood's Bay to look for fossils in the layer of Jurassic shales that lies along the beach.
The whole of the East coast of England is slowly sinking into the sea and the coast is getting heavily eroded. To save Robin Hood's Bay high sea walls have been built to protect the village.
Pictures, images and photos of Rhodes city on the Island of Rhodes (Rodos) , Greece. Rhodes is an ancient settlement of the Dodecanese islands and has been settled since pre history. Today the medieval city is dominated by the Palace of the Grand Master whose medieval battlements look more like a town in northern Europe than in Greece. This was built by the Knights Hospitallers who founded a hospital in Jerusalem in 1023 to care for sick and injured pilgrims to the Holy Land. After the First Crusade in 1099 the order became a religious military order and following the fall of the Holy Land to the Muslim forces in the 13th century the Knights Hospitalers set up their headquarters in Rhodes.
After the Knights Templar were dissolved in 1312 the Hospitallers were given their property and the holdings in Rhodes were organised into Priories of eight languages one each in Crown of Aragon, Auvergne, Castile, England, France, Germany, Italy, and Provence. Each of these was organised under a Grand Prior who inturn were under the Grand Master. As well as caring for the sick and as military knights The Hospitallers acted as a banking system for merchants from the west.
After the fall of Constantinople in 1453 Sultan Mehmed II made the knights a priority target. It wasn't until 1522 though that a force of 200,00 men under Suleiman the Magnificent forced the 7,000 men at arms of the Hospitalers to abandon Rhodes and retreat to Sicily.
The medieval city of Rhodes is today a UNESCO World Heritage Site and under the Italian rule of Mussolini the Palace of the Grand Master was renovated as a retreat for himself and King Victor Emmanuel. The city has a Jewish quarter with a memorial to the Jews that lived there and died under fascist repression. There is also a Turkish quarter with mosques and the old shops of the Bazaar selling tourist trinkets.
Pictures, Images & Photos of Roman Mosaics of Italy, Greece & Turkey
Pictures & images of Ancient Roman sculpture & relief sculptures from Italy, Greece & Turkey. Ancient Greek sculpture is a complicated area of archaeology as it is linked very closely to Greek sculpture. One area of Roman sculpture copies earlier known Greek sculptures. One of the most significant Roman developments was that of portraiture. Wealthy Roman families developed a type of ancestor worship with rooms dedicated to the death masks. The cheapest masks were made of wax and the more wealthy could afford bronze, marble & terracotta. This led to public to a realistic style of sculpture of the great & the good of Rome where reality went as far as adding warts and wrinkles because they showed that the person had character.
Reality in statues stopped with the end of the Republic. The Emperor Augustus controlled his image once he had become essentially the first Emperor. The approved image of Augustus was spread around the Roman Empire and in them he never grew older. Subsequent Emperors followed this lead and a more formal idealised portrait developed that flattered. Although the Romans followed the style of classical Greece, they stopped short at nudity and few of the male Roman sculptures show men in the nude.
Sculptures & relief sculptures were an important part of Roman communication. Great triumphal arches & columns showed the great exploits of Emperors and Roman temples and sarcophagus were adorned with relief sculptures of mythical scenes, great exploits or hunting scenes. Sculptures of the gods filled niches in Roman buildings and were found in every home.
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Pictures, Images & Photos of the Greek Temples of Selinunte, Sicily.
Pictures of the Greek Temples of Selinunte, Sicily. It is often forgotten that Greek city states stretched as far beyond Greece and that some of the biggest Greek Temples can be found on Sicily. Selinunte (Greek: Σελινοῦς; Latin: Selinus) is an ancient Greek archaeological site on the south coast of Sicily. The ancient city of Selinunte was one of the most westerly in Sicily and therefore came into constant conflict with the invading Carthaginians. Around 409 BC a massive Carthaginian army of around 100,000 men overwhelmed Selinunte killing 16,000 inhabitants and taking 5,000 as prisoners. The city was rebuilt but in the first Punic War in 250 BC was again destroyed by the Carthaginians and was never rebuilt.
The huge archaeological site of Selinunte is situated on a promontory that juts out into the sea. Its raised situation would have given it good defences with a natural harbour below. The archaeological site contains five temples centered on an acropolis. Of the five temples, only the Temple of Hera, also known as "Temple E", has been re-erected and is a splendid Doric order temple.